“Where is Heaven? And where is Hell?”
Heaven is where God is, “and behold, a throne was standing in heaven, and One sitting on the throne” (Revelation 4:2, New American Standard Bible). It is a place where God’s will is supreme and is always carried out. “Your will be done, On earth as it is in heaven” (Matthew 6:10). Since heaven is the dwelling place of God, it is filled with the light of His presence. “This is the message we have heard from Him and announce to you, that God is Light, and in Him there is no darkness at all” (1 John 1:5).
Heaven is a place not made with human hands, but by God’s supernatural power. “For we know that if the earthly tent which is our house is torn down, we have a building from God, a house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens” (2 Corinthians 5:1). Heaven is not a physical location, as we understand places. It is the home of God where righteousness prevails in all things. It is a place of worship toward God and Jesus (Revelation 4 and 5). It is a place where sin cannot enter. It is different from this world in that it will be eternal and never fade.
Hell is just the opposite. “These will pay the penalty of eternal destruction, away from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of His power, when He comes to be glorified in His saints on that day” (2 Thessalonians 1:9, 10). Hell is not a physical location, as we understand places either. Rather, it is the absence of God’s presence. Jesus describes this as: “the outer darkness; in that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth” (Matthew 25:30). Hell is a terrible place because there will be no light. That means there will be none of God’s goodness and none of His Love (God’s nature).
Neither heaven nor hell is a physical location as we understand physical areas. They are real places God has prepared. One for those who are cleansed by the blood of Jesus, the other for those who refuse to obey the gospel. For the first group, there will be an eternity of joy in the presence of God. For the other, there will be an eternity of sorrow and pain in darkness, cut off from all that is God (good).